Science for the wounded
The work of Dr. Armand Frappier
Mentors and partnerships
During the creation years of the Institute and later during the war, Dr. Frappier and the Institute of Microbiology opened relations with many other institutes and laboratories, especially from France and from the United States, such as the Pasteur Institute in Paris, which offered its support to the young Montreal institution. Indeed, Dr. Frappier and subsequently many of his colleagues from the Institute of Microbiology, went on to improve their skills alongside the famous discoverers of the BCG vaccine, Drs. Albert Calmette and Camille Guérin. It was there, in Paris, that Dr. Frappier studied next to his mentor-to-be and future scientific advisor of the Institute, Dr. Léopold Nègre, and that he developed his unique expertise, combining Pasteurian and American knowledge to shape his future Institute of Microbiology.
The Pasteur Institute proved to be the very first model that inspired modern microbiology laboratories, such as the Institute of Microbiology. Like so, the Pasteur Institute established the basics of research in preventive medicine and public health, education and production of biological products. These were the pillars of the model created by Louis Pasteur in 1887. Thus, the Pasteur Institute created close bonds within its community. The members of this great “Pasteurian family” maintained long lasting relationships and kept on sharing their knowledge.
All through the war, Dr. Frappier benefited from got the support of other scientific partners, such as Dr. Denstedt from McGill University, who became technical advisor for the Serum Dehydration Service. An international collaboration between experts was set into place, which enabled discussions on current studies during meetings of international committees. Furthermore, they shared their techniques and their methods for the greater good and the benefit of science. Internships and studying journeys abroad were examples of this international sharing. Members of the Institute of Microbiology spent time at Harvard University with Dr. Cohn, or at the Hygiene Laboratories of the State of New York. Likewise, the Serum Dehydration Service of the Institute of Microbiology took advantage of this team-work to improve its serum processing techniques.